sky, sea, clouds, tree, ancient monument
Ⓒ Y. Skoulas

Kos

NOW 26 °C

Next 5 days

  • THURS 21 °C
  • FRI 23 °C
  • SAT 27 °C
  • SUN 29 °C
  • MON 29 °C

Source: National Observatory of Athens /meteo.gr

The endless coasts with the turquoise waters, the vegetation, the affluent water springs, the ancient and medieval monuments, as well as the impressive Italian buildings feature Kos island; the third largest island of Dodecanese complex, located just 4 miles away from the Turkish coasts. The name «Kos» probably derives from the daughter of the mythical King Meropas, called Koos.

Kos is the birthplace of Hippocrates «the father of medicine» (460-377 B.C) and was already inhabited during Neolithic Period  (5th - 4th millennium B.C). The Knights of St. John conquered the island during the 14th century, reinforcing the older castles and building new fortifications.  During Ottoman occupation, the island was attacked by several intruders (Knights, Venetians etc), while during Italian occupation (1912-1945) some really important, monumental public buildings were constructed.  The island was officially united with Greece in 1948. It extends over a surface of 290 km2; its coastline is 112 km.
sky, blue  green sea, rocks
Did you know that Kos Island is the birthplace of Hippocrates «the father of medicine» (460-377 B.C)?

Sightseeing


Walk through the city. Pay a visit to:
  • The Medieval Castle (Nerantzia castle). It is located in the entrance of the port, in a place probably fortified during the Byzantine period (7th century). You can see the internal fence which has four round towers and the external one with its massive bastions. The two surrounding walls are interconnected with a bridge, which is constructed above the moat which separates the walls.
  • The Eleftheria Square [Liberty], which is considered to be the center of the contemporary city. It is surrounded by three massive buildings inherited from the Italian era: The municipal market, the club (which was called Fascism Palace) and theArchaeological Museum (with a prehistoric collection, statues, mosaic floors taken from the Roman buildings of the ancient city), an imitation of roman spas. At the end of the square is the Defendar Mosque.
  • The ancient city, which used to be the capital of the island since 366 B.C. You can see the market, the Hellenistic Doric temple, Dionysus' altar, the port sanctuary and stoa [arcade], Hercules’ sanctuary, the ruins of the wall’s north part, the roman baths, the luxurious roman mansions with the reach mosaic floors, the roman resident as well as the roman conservatorium with a capacity of 750 seats.
  • The Platanos Square [Plane-tree] or else Lotzia Square, one of the most touristic points of the town.
  • The Lotzia Mosque which was constructed in 1786 and upon its walls you can see incorporated pieces of ancient and medieval monuments.
  • Hippocrates’ Plane tree, right across the Lotzia Mosque. It was beneath the shadow of this tree that the great doctor used to teach his apprentices and examine his patients, therefore the tree is more than 2,500 years old! The periphery of its trunk is more than 10m and its gigantic branches shadow the whole square.
  • The Foinikes [Palm trees] street as well as the medieval bridge.
  • The Asklipieio [Aesculapium- infirmary] , located approximately 3.5 km SW away from Kos’ town and used to be the most famous Aesculapium of the entire Greece. It was built in 4th century, after the death of Hippocrates. Among other sites, it is worth visiting the stoa [arcade], the complex of roman spas, the altar dedicated to the Sun, Imera [Day], Hecate, and to Machaona (son of Aesculapius), the ionic temple of Aesculapius, the big Doric peripteric [rectangular] temple of Aesculapius (170-160 B.C).

Filming in Kos

FILMING IN GREECE

THE ISLAND OF SECRETS (2014)

In the beautiful island of Kos and in the turquoise Greek seas, 15-year-old Adriana will meet 14-year-old Tony, who is on the island for holidays with his family from Finland, and between them will develop a youthful romance and a tender relationship of love and trust. Overlooking the Aegean Sea, the two children, along with Tony’s brothers, 12-year-old Alexis and 10-year-old Veeti, will unwittingly entangle in a dangerous adventure...

DIRECTOR: TAAVI VARTIA
FILMING LOCATION: KOS, NISYROS

IMDb
BY SEA
Kos is connected to Piraeus and other Aegean ports. The conventional ferries make the route ""Piraeus - Kos"" in about 11.5 hours while the high-speed ones in about 9.5.The connections are made from both ports of the island (Mastichari, Kos Port).
BY PLANE
Kos is connected to Athens International Airport, the flight lasts 1 hour but also to Macedonia International Airport (Thessaloniki), it is also connected to other airports in Greece.

Other destinations

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Ferry routes

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