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Walk through the city of Rhodes

Walk through the city. Pay a visit to:

The Old (medieval) City with narrow alleys, small houses and imposing knightly buildings surrounded by some 200 medieval churches. After the arrival of Knights (Hospitalliers) of St. John in 1309, the fortification was extended, since the size of the city was four times bigger in relation to the Byzantine period. Therefore, new fortifications were constructed, which defined three main defense lines, with the last one being the fortress complex of the Great Magistrate’s Palace. There was an inside defensive line (wall) between the Palace and the ring wall dividing the city into two uneven parts. 

The north and smallest part was called Kollakio and was destined exclusively for the activities of the members of the Knights Order. The Street of Knights was its main axis, beginning from the Great Magistrate’s Palace and ending at the church of Panaghia tou Kastrou [Castle’s Virgin Mary]. The rest of the population resided at Bourgo. The walls surrounding the medieval city have a 4km perimeter and numerous towers and bastions. They consist of bridges, moats, bastions, towers and many decorative elements (coats of arms etc). Apart from the knightly buildings there are also distinguishing mosques with minarets reminding of the Turkish occupation era. The Medieval City can be accessed via eleven important gates, with the most famous one being Thalassini Pyli [Sea Gate].

The famous Street of the Knights, currently restored, in order to take the shape it had during medieval age. Along this street reside the “languages”, namely the national groups comprising the Order of the Knights of St. John.

The Palace of the Great Magistrate (14th century), also called “Castello”, by the local people. This was one of the first buildings constructed by the knights (completed in 1346). In 1856 it was completely destroyed from an accidental explosion, and was not restored until 1939, from the Italian patron of Dodecanese, Mariο de Vecchi.

The Archaeological Museum. It is situated in the Knights Hospital (15th century), in the Old City and hosts some important findings of the island, which cover a period from archaic to roman times.

Hippocrates Square. This is the starting point of two of the most central streets of the Old City: Aristotelous str., leading east to the square or Jews Martyrs and Sokratous str., the busy street of the old market. On the top of Sokratous str. is the Suleimanie mosque, built by Sultan Suleiman right after conquering Rhodes. There is a clock-tower built by Fechti Pasha in 1857 on the meeting point of Sokratous and Orpheus streets, today it has become a bar. You may admire the view of the Old City and take some panoramic photographs from the tower top.

The Byzantine Museum, which is located in Panaghia tis Nikis (Old City) and has frescos and icons from the late-Byzantine and post-Byzantine era.

Madraki, the area of the small port, where you can admire the imposing buildings of the Italian occupation era, currently hosting public services, the Municipal Theatre, and the New Market. It is worth visiting the complex of Governor House (today’s prefecture), the church of Aghios Ioannis (today the church of Evaggelismos),the light-house of Aghios Nikolaos (1464-1467), the three medieval windmills at the edge of the pier, as well as the shrine of Murat Reis (16th centuries )

The famous casino, situated in the historical “Hotel of the Roses [Hotel des Roses]” (1927), favorite accommodation for international celebrities.

The aquarium (built by the Italians in the period 1934-1936), presenting representative samples of the broader area’s marine ecosystem.

The hill of Aghios Stephanos or Monte Smith, the acropolis of ancient Rhodes, where among other things you can see the temple of Pallas Athena (Poliada) and Zeus Polieos, Nymphaia where underground cave constructions are located, the conservatorium with 800 seats capacity, and the temple of Apollo Pythios. A modern part of the city lies around, featuring luxurious villas and modern constructions from where you can enjoy a marvelous sunset.

Yeni Hamam (still operating!). It is called Yeni (new), in contradiction to Eshki (old), which is now deserted and located in Evdilos square. This was built before 1588.

The Municipal Gallery, located in a restored knightly building, in Symi square. Inside you can see engraving works (16th – 20th centuries) as well as a Collection of Maps and Engravings. Many periodical exhibitions are organized here

Decorative Collection of Rhodes (Folklore Museum), in Argyrokastro square.

The Center of Modern Art, where the works of contemporary Greek and foreign artists, residing in Rhodes, are exhibited.

Nestorideio Melathro (art museum), where the works of Greek painters and sculptors of 19th and 20th centuries are exhibited.

Rodini (3 km S): this is a green, small park with fountains and a zoological park.

 

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