The aesthetic forest, dominated by cypresses and pines, surrounds the Byzantine Monastery of Kaisariani. Mount Ymittos is a long, narrow mountain (total length 20 km) whose highest peak reaches 1,026 m. A steep gorge separates the northern and southern part of the mountain. Schist is the most commonly encountered rock on Northern Ymmitos, while areas of limestone exist on the south and west of the mountain. The annual rainfall ranges from 400 to 600 mm.
Despite the gradual degradation suffered by the mountain’s ecosystem, a well-organized and well devised campaign for the conservation and restoration of Mount Ymmitos' natural environment can reverse the course of degradation. The mountain’s nature does not cease to fascinate with its biodiversity which exhibits a unique diversity for an area which lies so close to a large urban center.