The island of Lefkada is surrounded by a total of 24 islets, including the renowned island of Scorpios, property of Aristotelis Onassis.
In Lefkada, which extends over 302.5 km2, you will find remarkable sights, churches and monasteries, picturesque settlements, green surroundings and wonderful beaches.
The Archaeological, Folklore Museums and the Charamogleios Special Library of Lefkada, which is unique in the world, compose the image of an island with a somewhat "mainland" character ideal for holidays and entertainment.
Lefkada formed part of the coasts of Akarnania until the 6th century B.C. Nowadays, it is considered to be an island, as it is separated from mainland Greece by a canal however a bridge provides access to the island. This along with the fact that it can be frequently reached by ferry boats departing from other Ionian islands as Zante, Ithaca and Kefalonia make Lefkada a very good base for trips and excursions to the Ionian islands and western Greece.
Lefkada was named after Lefkatas, a cape located at the southernmost part of the island with its imposing steep white rocks.
Lefkada has been inhabited since the Neolithic era. It grew prosperous as a Corinthian colony and formed part of the Epirus Domain after 1204, when Constantinople was conquered by the Franks. Later on Turks, Venetians, French and Englishmen took over the island, until it joined Greece in 1864 along with the rest of the Ionian islands.
Capital and port at the same time, the city of Lefkada welcomes visitors with its beautiful narrow streets, small squares, traditional houses, fine belfries and paved pedestrian streets. It is connected with the opposite coastline of Sterea Ellada by a bridge and has approximately 8.000 inhabitants.
The fortress of Aghia Mavra, situated at the entrance of the city, was built by the Sicilian Ioanni Orsini in 1300. It is built next to an artificial canal on an islet of the lagoon; later, both Venetians and Turks have added some pieces.
Speech and Art feasts. Organized by the Cultural center of Lefkada since 1995. The feasts along with the Athens Festival are two of the oldest cultural institutions of Greece.
In Lefkada, on the evening of Good Friday the epitaph processions of the various parishes are held, accompanied by the local band, occupying the town's main street and end up in the traditional, Venetian-style, central square.
On Holy Saturday morning, the band plays rousing tunes in the streets of the town, while the housewives throw earthenware vessels from their windows.
For 45 years groups and artists from various countries around the world meet every august in Lefkada and share the creations of their intellectual and artistic traditions (dance, music, traditional heritage).
The town of Lefkada and the nearby beaches are ideal for biking. The lagoon tour (Aghia Mavra, Gyra, Myloi, Ai-Giannis, Lefkada) is of unique natural beauty.
Papanikolis Cave was the place where boats and sailing boats found shelter when they were threatened by storms. It took its name after “Papanikolis” submarine as the cave was its base during the II World War. Its chamber is very large covering 3.800 sq. m and is the second biggest cave in Greece. You can visit it by boat and you will be amazed by its colossal hall and its rich decoration of stalactites. In the sunlight, the combination of rocks creates thousand colors giving a dreamy atmosphere. At the end of the cave there is a pebbled passage, ideal for walking.
Another cave located in Lefkada close to Spartochori is SPILIA TOU DAIMONA.