Although volcanic activity has been identified with destructive connotations, a volcanic eruption can lead to an especially creative activity.
The beautiful island of Nisyros for example, is the result of an eight billion tonnes of molten rock explosion, which occurred 45,000 years ago, while the island took its final form 20,000 years ago, intervening another two creative explosions.
This island, part of the Dodecanese island chain, has a special character, which has been determined by the volcano. The flora and fauna are decisively influenced by its volcanic nature. Successive layers of lava and ash have given it a unique geological character that also creates unique scenery with colorful and unusual formations.
The caldera (a large crater formed by volcanic explosion) has been well preserved and makes it possible to observe the internal structure of the volcano. At the bottom of this there are craters with intense hydrothermal action.
Everything leads to the volcano
The ancient Greeks knew how the island was created. Strabo in his "Geography" reproduced the myth of the inhabitants, who considered that the trident Poseidon hurled against giant Polyvotis, broke a piece off the island of Kos thus creating the island of Nisyros.
So, they were aware that Nisyros and Kos came from similar formations, while the belief that the giant still lay under Nisyros symbolically implied its volcanic activity.
The Volcanological Museum of Nisyros
Interior of the Museum, earth’s structure – magmatic rocks
The entire landscape from the smallest stone to the spectacular caldera can be considered a broader volcanological museum! More so when the museum is housed in an old school in Nikia, on the rim of the Caldera. The spot is ideal, since it offers a panoramic view of the interior of the volcano.
The main sections of the museum host the following topics:
● Genesis and structure of volcanoes.
● Volcanic processes and products.
● Volcanoes of Greece.
● The volcano of Nisyros.
● Other active volcanoes in Greece.
● Volcanoes – Environment - Man.
Field volcanic: Nisyros, Milos, Saronikos
In the areas of information, observation and experiment, visitors can observe rocks under microscopes. The library houses a fine collection of books and articles on volcanoes and other subjects. Experimental devices are available for younger guests and present simulations of volcanic eruptions. The scientific team that created the museum has made sure that the visitor navigates in an environment that transports him mentally into the volcano itself. The lighting also refers towards the same direction.
Characteristics of formations, maps, cross sections, diagrams, patterns of volcanoes, photographs, three-dimensional animations and computer simulations reveal the geological history, not only of Nisyros, but of the whole Aegean volcanic arc.
Τhe volcanoes of Greece
Enjoy a unique journey through time ...
The relativity of time is the basic feeling one immediately gets from a visit to such a museum. A sense of time that is very different from the one felt by visiting, for example, a historical or archaeological museum. The description on the website of the Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration for Nisyros refers to "recent" volcanic activity in Greece, and as such means the activity that began about 40 million years ago. Here you will have the opportunity to discover the secrets of time on Earth on a scale you've never imagined. The creation of successive geological strata measured, not by centuries, but by thousands and millions of years. Just relax and enjoy this unique journey through time …